What is a credit line and how does it affect my credit rating?

It is not always easy for self-employed people who want to apply for a loan. Just as with private individuals who want to apply for a loan, the credit rating plays a decisive role in lending for self-employed persons and companies. Credit institutions use creditworthiness to assess their creditworthiness. The banks carry out a rating and set the interest on the credit depending on their creditworthiness. The credit line has an impact on creditworthiness. It is often used by the banks. In this post, learn what a line of credit is and how it affects creditworthiness.

What is a line of credit?

What is a line of credit?

The credit line is the upper limit up to which a loan can be granted. The credit line is also known as the credit line, credit limit or credit limit. It is the maximum limit for a loan that is agreed between the borrower and the credit institution. This line of credit depends on the borrower’s credit rating. The better the credit rating, the higher the credit line can be set. A decisive criterion for the amount of the credit line is the regular cash receipts on the current account of self-employed and companies. If these incoming payments are high enough, a high credit line can be granted.

This line of credit is critical to the overdraft facility granted by the bank to the checking account. For self-employed and companies, this overdraft is referred to as a current account credit, while it is known to private individuals as an overdraft facility. It is an agreed credit line. The credit line is the maximum amount that you can use in addition to your existing balance.

Agreed and tolerated line of credit

Agreed and tolerated line of credit

The credit line differentiates between the agreed and tolerated credit lines.
The agreed credit line is the normal overdraft facility that the bank grants for the checking account. This overdraft facility and its amount are contractually agreed. As a current account holder, you can overdraw your current account up to the amount of the agreed credit line.

In contrast to the agreed credit line, no credit line is contractually agreed for the tolerated credit line. The bank tolerates the overdraft of the checking account up to a certain limit. Companies and the self-employed should not overdraw the company loan for longer than three months.

Types of credit for which lines of credit are granted

Types of credit for which lines of credit are granted

A current account credit for the current account is a typical loan for entrepreneurs and the self-employed, for which a credit line is granted. The credit line marks the maximum amount up to which the current account credit can be drawn. A credit line can also be granted for guarantee credits. A guarantee loan is a guarantee or guarantee given by a bank to the self-employed or to a company. The bank does not pay out money, but takes over a guarantee. Companies and the self-employed can avail themselves of such guarantee loans for various purposes. A line of credit can also be granted for Lombard loans, which are short-term financing and where securities or movable property serve as security.

A credit line is only set for current accounts.
A credit card is an exception. There is also a credit line here. It is the monthly budget. In contrast to the current account credit, there is usually no interest when using the credit line for the credit card.

Determining the amount of the credit line

Determining the amount of the credit line

There are no legal regulations for determining the credit line. The banks are free to decide on the amount of the credit line and are not obliged to grant a credit line. Banks use various calculation methods, but they rarely make them public. Incoming payments to your checking account play a crucial role in granting a line of credit. Because the earnings of self-employed and companies vary from month to month, some banks may have problems with a line of credit. Some banks require receipts of the same amount for a credit line.

The self-employed and companies experiencing a financial bottleneck because customers do not pay on time should contact their bank and seek the conversation. If various types of collateral can be proven, it is possible that a credit line will be granted.

The credit line as a revolving credit

The credit line as a revolving credit

The credit line represents a so-called revolving credit. While an installment loan is usually paid to a separate account and repaid in monthly installments, the credit line applies to the current checking account. It can be used as a revolver. This means that no application to the bank is required to use the credit line. If there is enough money in the checking account, the credit line can be repaid in the meantime in order to be used again afterwards. The user of the credit line is not obliged to make regular repayments. This revolving loan must be repaid, but unlike the installment loan, there are no fixed agreements.

The borrower can determine how he wants to repay the revolving loan. However, repayment can affect the amount of the credit line. If the credit line is repaid late and only with small amounts, the bank can set the credit line lower.

The line of credit and the interaction with the credit rating

The line of credit and the interaction with the credit rating

The credit line interacts with the credit rating. Self-employed persons and companies with a good credit rating can receive a higher credit line than those with an unfavorable credit rating. The creditworthiness of the self-employed and companies depends on various factors. A good order situation, punctual incoming payments from customers, but also the punctual payment of credit installments, the quick payment of invoices and the use of cash discounts have a positive effect on creditworthiness, which can lead to a high credit line. In the opposite case, the credit line can also affect creditworthiness. A high credit line speaks for a high credit rating, since the higher the income and sales of a company, the higher it is set.

The measure of creditworthiness – the credit line

The measure of creditworthiness - the credit line

The credit line is often used by banks to assess their creditworthiness. A high credit line indicates a good credit rating. Credit bureaus and banks derive high sales and high income for companies and self-employed from a high credit line. It does not matter whether the credit line is actually used.

Always keep an eye on your credit rating

Always keep an eye on your credit rating

In order to have good chances when granting a loan, it is important for companies and the self-employed to always pay attention to a good credit rating. A high credit line plays an important role in this. If you want to know what your creditworthiness is like and how you can improve your creditworthiness, you should check your creditworthiness for free on bank score. If your data is incorrect, you can correct it there directly. If you need financing, you will receive an offer online that matches your credit rating. Our partners will be happy to help you with financing.